๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ 660๐˜๐—ต ๐—ฑ๐—ฎ๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—–๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฎ(8/1/2022)

๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ 660๐˜๐—ต ๐—ฑ๐—ฎ๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—–๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฎ(8/1/2022)

We started the discussion about there was CUBE introduction programme, Chattisgarh, chaithanya college

Seethalakshmi where interested in butterfly model system.

:diamonds: How can introduce a butterfly model system??

So, The discussion started from the common Mormonโ€ฆ
Its identification, mimicry, larval adaptationโ€ฆ

Yesterday we discussed about types of common Mormon,
But actually there are 4 types of male and female butterfly

:diamonds:2types of male and 2 type of femalesโ€ฆ

:drop_of_blood: Common Mormon Male

1โ€‹:diamonds::diamonds: black body with black wings and white patches on hind wings.

2โ€‹:diamonds::diamonds:. Black body with white patches on hind wings as well as yellow colour on hind wing

:drop_of_blood:Common Mormon Females

  1. :diamonds::diamonds:Black body and black wings with white patches with red cresent

2.:diamonds::diamonds:Black body with black wings and red patches in hind wings , white & Yellow colour on fore wings and hind wings.

:dart:Common Mormon Female butterflies mimics with common rose and crimson rose

Column A butterflies mimics Column B butterflyโ€ฆ

:dart:What is sexual dimorphism in the case of butterflies : - It means in Male and female butterflies are not looks like similar. Both them are different in Morphology( External features).

And also we discussed about Saraโ€™s Home lab varkkala,Thiruvananthapuram, kerala
butterfliesโ€ฆ
:diamonds:She observed some caterpillar on curry leaf plant on 12th of December โ€ฆ

:diamonds:That caterpillar looks like bird dropping, that is also an adaptation of caterpillarโ€ฆ

:diamonds:Then the caterpillar colour turn into green and pupatedโ€ฆ Finally it becomes common Mormon butterflyโ€ฆ

:diamonds:At first she is little confused about is it male or female butterflyโ€ฆ
But finally she confirmed it is male butterflyโ€ฆ
Because she used some identical featuresโ€ฆ That iam mentioned earlierโ€ฆ

:dart:@ Komal sir raised an important questionโ€ฆ

:diamonds:How we can introduce butterfly model system for a 11th standard student???

*We have lots of ideasโ€ฆ

**Observations in nature always helpโ€ฆthis study can help in understanding ecological principles.

*Mimicry, pray -predator interactions, survival of the fittest, adaptations

:diamonds:And also we discussed about evolution, Natural selectionโ€ฆ
@โจJai Kishan sirโ€ฆ

Given an example for Natural selection โ€ฆ

:diamonds:The evolution of the peppered moth is an evolutionary instance of directional colour change in the moth population as a consequence of air pollution during the Industrial Revolution.

Some references that taken from the chat box

The Butterfly Man NCBS Research
In conversation with Krushnamegh Kunte, who joined the Ecology and Evolution and Genetics and Development groups at NCBS in early 2012๐ŸŽฏhttps://news.ncbs.res.in/archivednews/story/butterfly-man

:dart:
Some female Common Mormons look similar to the male, but others mimic the color patterns of two unrelated species found in these areas: the Common Rose (Pachliopta aristolochiae) and the Crimson Rose (Pachliopta hector). The Roses are unpalatable and therefore not usually eaten by predators. In peninsular India, where the Common Rose and Crimson Rose are common, you see all the three female morphs of the Common Mormon (see inset picture), though the non-mimetic female form cyrus (inset picture, top right) which is similar to the male of the species, is uncommon. But if you go to north-east India or south-east Asia where the Crimson Rose is not found, you will see only two female morphs: the non-mimetic female form cyrus, and the mimetic female form stichius, which mimics the Common Rose and is the most abundant female form in this area
https://news.ncbs.res.in/archivednews/story/butterfly-man

:dart:.https://news.ncbs.res.in/archivednews/story/butterfly-man

Others please add your pointsโ€ฆ
@Abhi0703, @jaikishan sir, @Arunan sir, @sara, @magpie maโ€™am and others

IMG-20220108-WA0038

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