Mutations: A new life? The emergence of SARS-CoV2

https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/pune/virus-in-maharashtra-shows-distinct-mutations-from-those-in-other-parts-6538047/

I came across this article from The Indian Express which tells us about the frequent mutations taking place in SARS-CoV2.

"Dr Dhiraj Paul of NCCS, the lead author of the study, said due to frequent mutations, the novel Coronavirus was able to modify itself into different sub-types in a very short period of time.

“In our study, we have found newly-evolved mutation pattern and sub-type which is not yet reported from any other part of the country. This sub-type has reached almost 50 per cent in our study population in Maharashtra."

They found specific age-wise patterns of mutations similar in different age groups!

A few days back in one of the CUBE Chatshaalas, we were discussing about the mutations taking place in the SARS-CoV2 and we also discussed the ancestry of this virus.

This directly hints towards evolution! There’s a lot of talk on how the virus emerged suddenly from bats and has now become a pandemic.
How does this virus and its ability to infect differ from SARS-CoV (2003) and possibly MERS-CoV (2012)?

Now there is an opportunity for us to actually make a proposition on what is actually happening to the virus which is giving rise to frequent mutations? and the fate of the mutation!

Please read this article and let us follow-up with a discussion leading to a proposition which shall help us in decoding some myths and will also help us in understanding the current situation!

Post Script:- SARS-CoV (2003), MERS-CoV (2012) and SARS-CoV2 (2019) belong to the family of Coronaviruses but differ a lot when seen closely (through literature :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:).
The example of earlier two viruses is just given as a reference.

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Could you briefly state the differences and the refrences. The litreature I refer to which is mainly about methods of filtration of the virus or disruption of infectivity or destruction of the virus suggests that the covid family are very similar wrt to efficacy of such methods.

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Most of the findings are discussed in two articles posted as:

Regarding the differences of SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, it is said that the latter has evolved into developing stronger affinities to the ACE receptors than the former one…

SARS-CoV-2 being a RNA virus has a higher mutation rate than those compared with DNA virus…

You may also want to read a related post:

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Similarities between SARS-CoV (2003) and SARS-CoV2 (2019)
-> Both SARS-CoV (2003) and SARS-CoV2 (2019) belong to the family of Coronaviruses.
-> They are SARSs (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndromes), both affect the respiratory tract of the host.
-> Both share around 70-80% of their genome (total gene sequence).
-> Both the viruses use the ACE-2 (Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2) receptor to enter the host’s cells.

Differences between SARS-CoV (2003) and SARS-CoV2 (2019):
-> SARS-CoV2 shares around 70-80% of its genome with SARS-CoV, but the former shows to have the highest level of similarity with a horseshoe bat coronavirus"
-> SARS-CoV2 is thought to be a recombinant virus transmitted from bats to human hosts by the mean of an intermediate host

Reference: https://www.europeanreview.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2781-2783.pdf

-> SARS-CoV-2 is closely related to two bat-derived severe acute respiratory syndrome-like coronaviruses, bat-SL-CoVZC45 and bat-SL-CoVZXC21.

Reference: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32081636/

-> SARS-CoV-2’s (2019) Spike protein is longer than SARS-CoV (2003) Spike protein (embedded in the lipid envelope) and its receptor binding region is different.
-> Also, the SARS-CoV nucleocapsid protein has the ability to neutralize the immune response of the host, it is not known if SARS-CoV-2 N protein shares the same ability.

Reference:
Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: implications for virus origins and receptor binding. Lancet 2020; 395: 565-574.
https://www.thelancet.com/article/S0140-6736(20)30251-8/fulltext

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Yes, I did have a look at these threads. They have useful references.
The findings (on the frequent mutations of the virus) in the article from The Indian Express was eye-catching for me, so I thought that I will create a new thread from where I shall get inputs from everyone!

Thanks for the link! :raised_hands:

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