(the following is reproduced from the Telegram thread where this started)
There should be… as far as I am aware, there isn’t. (Again, as far as I am aware) there is no educational or research institution in India or anywhere in the world that says that “if you work here, everything you create as part of your work has to be published under one of these pre-approved open licenses.”
Such a mandate, if any, usually comes from the funding agency, for example, The Gates Foundation or, in theory, funding from the US Federal Agencies. In fact, the only institution that I am aware of that by design doesn’t allow holding any intellectual property right in the creations by its employees or its contractors is the US Federal Govt. That is the only institution that is actually forbidden by the US law to hold any IP in stuff created by it “within the US”. The US law remains silent about the status of such creations outside the boundaries of the US, and as such, the US federal agencies maintain copyright over their works outside the US but never assert them.
Most (non-US-Federal) govt agencies around the world are terrible actually and not only keep their IP rights but also aggressively enforce them. (For example, the UK’s map making agency, The Ordnance Survey). Even in the US, state govts and agencies are not bound by the same law as their federal counterparts, so they (the state agencies) also assert their copyright even in their own state (which is stupid, because they are funded by that state’s taxpayers).
I have always dreamed of having (creating) an institution that fundamentally by design enforces open licenses on the stuff created by its employees while in employ. Perhaps a living academy could be such an institution.
Another point – the word open, like most words in English language (esp. free) is overloaded. It is often used to signify one thing but could mean something else, probably on most occasions unintentionally but sometimes also with the intention to obfuscate. This is sometimes referred to as open-washing.
For example, on the Telegram group you shared a link to a video from Aarohi. I have no idea what Aarohi is but I see they call themselves an Open Learning Community. Keep in mind, they don’t mean (as far as I can tell) open as in published under an open license. In fact, no where on that video do they mention that the video is published under an open license. The same is true for their website. There is absolutely zero mention of any IP license. Probably this doesn’t amount to a hill of beans for most people, but if things ever came to litigation, Aarohi could claim complete copyright over everything they create. That is because everyone has copyright in their creation without having to state so.
Actually, Aarohi is quite puzzling. I am reading their FAQs and I really don’t understand what it is. For example, under “Anxiety of freedom”, they give an example of a question
Query - I like the aspect of freedom, child led, Open earning; I’d want to know…
beside the fact that they likely didn’t mean “Open earning” – which could be good, by the way – they use many words to explain what it isn’t, but don’t really explain what it is. They say their life mimics life, but all life mimics life. So, what’s the big deal?
Anyway, a good question. I hope others read this thread and contribute to it.