# Poles and magnets

Many people are familiar with the concept of a bar magnet. It is a piece of metal, or metal impregnated plastic, that, if freely suspended, will orient itself roughly perpendicular to the equator.

As the picture shows, we typically use the terms North and South (represented by N and S in the picture) poles to describe the longitudinally opposite ends of the bar.

Now, we also use the term North to describe one of the polar regions of the planet, and South describes the other end. In fact, we define the axis of rotation of the planet as the imaginary line drawn between the North and South Poles.

So, hereâ€™s a puzzle. Does the North end of a freely suspended magnet point to the northern magnetic pole of the planet, while the other points to the southern magnetic pole?

What do you think?

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Lets fix which is north of which. Since we already know N and S of earth due to celestial movements on E and W plane. Then we can say, which ever side of the magnet points to the N pole of the earth is N, and the opposite S. This is my resolution. If not, my dyslexia will set in.

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Iâ€™m no expert in magnetic fields but I certainly would like to see how the magnetic needle would behave if we go to the North Pole (or the South Pole for that matter) as, to my knowledge, every direction on the North Pole points towards the South and vice versa.

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Unfortunately, it will merely move aimlessly, if at all.

But that isnâ€™t really an answer to the question.

Hereâ€™s the thing: any pole of a magnet will be attracted to the opposite pole of another magnet, and be repelled by the same pole of another magnet.

The earth itself has a giant magnetic field, thanks largely to its massive iron core, and this field is closely (but not precisely) aligned to its axis of rotation.

Is the side to which the North pole of the bar magnet points the northern pole of the Earthâ€™s magnetic field? Is that even possible?

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Convention and reality.
Convention says that a magnet end pointing to earth North pole is North.
And the magnet end pointing to Earth south pole is South.

The reality is that the North of the magnet is actually South and the South end is North

Quantum spin states are howeverâ€¦errrmmâ€¦ unambiguos. Spin UP is South and Spin down is North.