S4E161 CUBE chatShaala: Geographical distribution of Drosophila melanogaster across the India

We have been maintaining single line cultures of native fruit flies in TRSV medium in different parts of the country, we have also take the initiative to map the D. melanogaster species of fruit flies.across the India, We had also discussed how to describe a fruit fly to a new comer? what is the first thing we notice when we see the fruit fly in order to say it as a fruit fly.

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Summary of discussion quoted by @saswathy679

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30th August 2021 - CUBE Chatshaala Discussion - White Boards :point_down:
Discussed about model systems : Fruit Fly, Mosquito, Ants (Insects).
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:black_small_square:Where can we find Fruit Flies?:thinking:

:black_small_square:How Fruit flies Look Like? Is it easy to distinguish from other insects?:thinking:

:black_small_square:What are the characteristics features that very well visible in fruit flies? Which part of the body well visible like… Wings, Eyes, Abdomen…? What is the actual size of this small flies?
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:black_small_square:What are similarities & Dissimilarities between Fruit flies and Mosquitoes?

Fruit Flies and Mosquitoes, both of them are belonging to;

:black_small_square:Kingdom : Animalia

:black_small_square:Phylum : Arthropoda (Because both of them have joined appendages)

:black_small_square:Class : Insecta (Body divided in to 3 parts Head, Thorax abdomen. Have 3 pair of legs & 1 pair of antenna, also have compound eyes.)

:black_small_square:Order : Diptera
Both have 2 wing (one pair of wing)

Coming in to Family level Fruit Files are belonging to Drosophildae, Mosquitoes are belonging in to Culicidae.
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One interesting point added by @Navaneel that insects have fore wing & hind wings. Only Fore wing is Expressed. Hind wing converted in to halteres in the case of Dipterans.

Flies are insects of the order Diptera, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- “two”, and πτερόν pteron “wing”. Insects of this order use only a single pair of wings to fly, the hindwings having evolved into advanced mechanosensory organs known as halteres, which act as high-speed sensors of rotational movement and allow dipterans to perform advanced aerobatics. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly

Reference given by @Yash :point_up_2:

:black_small_square:But did other insects have halteres first?

:black_small_square:Are there examples of insects having just halters…?

It is generally accepted that the halteres evolved from the non-flight wings of insects — the hind-wings of Diptera and the fore wings of Strepsiptera respectively.

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530th Day of CUBE Chatshaala: 31st August 2021
Map
16 Cubist’s from 16 CUBE centers had joined the webinar

INDIA

Delhi
DSC, Delhi : Dr P. Chitralekha
ANDC, Delhi : Dr Sarita Kumar

Jharkhand
Kokar, Ranchi : Man Masih Beck
Morabadi, Ranchi: Rechel Tirkey

Kerala
Thriprayar : Aswathy Suresh
Pazhuvil, Trissur : Seethalakshmi CR

Maharashtra
Ulwe, Navi Mumbai: Abhijeet Singh
Breach Candy, South Mumbai : Arunan MC
Tilaknagar, Mumbai : Gaurangi Dhuri
NES Ratnam College, Mumbai : Khan Shaheen
Bandra, Mumbai : Saida Sayyed
Panvel : Shraddha Sonavane
H B C S E : Kiran Yadav

Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand: Prachi Pant

West Bengal
Kolkata : Batul Pipewala
Kolkata: Soumyadip Biswas

Note CUBists who joined the session but aren’t included in this list, kindly reply to this message.

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